Hilda Carline (1889-1950):
Portrait of Gilbert Spencer, circa 1919
Framed (ref: 9258)
Red chalk on paper
Inscribed 'Mr G Spencer'.
17.7 x 11.8 in. (45 x 30 cm)
Provenance: Gilbert Spencer; Gillian Spencer; thence by descent; Private Collection
Literature: Llewellyn, Sacha, et al. Women Only Works on Paper. Liss Llewellyn, 2021, p. 14.
Llewellyn, Sacha, and Paul Liss. Portrait of an Artist. Liss Llewellyn, 2021, p.165.
Hilda Carline met Gilbert Spencer while studying at the Slade School of Fine Art (1918–1922). Gilbert was the younger brother of Stanley, whom she went on to marry in 1925. These two portrait drawings, one executed in pencil, the other in red chalk, date to around 1919 and in their vigour and directness demonstrate the influence of the teachings of Professor Henry Tonks (1862-1937), who encouraged students to emulate the drawing methods of the Renaissance masters. Pencil provided artists with the opportunity to create lines with a very precise delineation. Although red chalk could also be used in the same way, it tended to be valued primarily for its quality to convey subtle graduations in tone, similar to pastel and charcoal, ideal for the rendering of human flesh.
We are grateful to Hermione Carline and Jackie Naffah for assistance
Self portrait, 1912, red chalk on paper,
40 x 22cm, Stanley Spencer (1891-1959).
Williamson Art Gallery and Museum, gift of the Contemporary Art Society, 1954.